Canada is a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area and its common border with the United States to the south and northwest is the longest in the world. The name Canada comes from a St. Lawrence Iroquoian word, kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement". Canada is a federation composed of ten provinces and three territories.
Canada's 2006 census counted a total population of close to 32 million people. Our official national sports are hockey in the winter and lacrosse in the summer. Canada has two official languages: English and French.